What is Aquaponics?
Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture (farming of aquatic species) and hydroponics (growing of plants without soil in nutrient rich solution)
Aquaponics is a system for farming fish and plants together in a mutually beneficial cycle. Fish produce wastes that turn into nitrates and ammonia. These aren’t good for the fish if they build up too much, but they’re great fertilizer for plants. As the plants suck up these valuable nutrients, they purify the water, which is good for the fish. Many cultures have made use of this cycle to grow better crops and nurture the fish as an additional food source.
Rice paddies in the China and Thailand have used aquaponic techniques for years, however in Africa the concept is still relatively new.
Plants that will do well in any aquaponic system: Leafy lettuce, pak choi, kale, swiss chard, arugula, basil, mint, watercress, chives and most common house plants
Plants that will do well in a heavily stocked aquaponics system: Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, beans, peas, squash, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage
As a general rule, warm, fresh water fish and leafy crops such as lettuce and herbs will do the best